First Aid Remedies for Burns

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Unfortunately, burns are one of the most common household injuries. Burns can occur due to boiling liquids, chemicals, electricity, flames, and over exposure to the sun. Based on their severity, burns can be categorized into:

  • first-degree burns: skin appears red without blisters
  • second-degree burns: skin thickens with blisters
  • third-degree burns: skin thickens with a white, leathery appearance
  • fourth-degree burns: this type extends beyond the skin into tendons and bones

In case of major burns, the person should seek immediate medical care, while minor burns can be treated with the following steps:

Dos

  • Run room temperature water over the burn area for 20 minutes or until you feel better
  • Apply a wet, clean cloth to the burn
  • Apply an antibacterial cream and an ointment for the treatment of burns
  • Stay away from the sun
  • Don’t pop up blisters as this may lead to infections
  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever

Don’ts

  • Never apply ice as it will irritate the burn area
  • Never use a toothpaste to treat a burn
  • Never use sugar, butter or any other bizarre home remedy as such remedies might cause bacterial infections

The person should seek medical care if:

  • Pain lasts for more than a few hours
  • Signs of infection appear such as fever, swelling, etc.
  • Redness and pain worsen

References:

http://burninjuryguide.com/burn-statistics/most-common-types/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-burns/basics/art-20056649

https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/thermal-heat-or-fire-burns-treatment#1

https://www.healthline.com/health/home-remedies-for-burns

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